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Pure HTML5 file upload

12.23.2011
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Today we will be developing a great HTML5 file upload form with progress bar and preview (at client-side). We have already given you jQuery based solution, but today’s application doesn't require jQuery at all. Everything is made in pure HTML5 Javascript. I’m going to use FileReader (html5) to implement live preview (without uploading to the server), and, going to use XMLHttpRequest to send data to server.

Here are our demo and downloadable packages:

Live Demo

download in package

Ok, download the sources and let's begin !

Step 1. HTML

On this page you can see our form for uploading images:

index.html
<html lang="en" >
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8" />
        <title>Pure HTML5 file upload | Script Tutorials</title>
        <link href="css/main.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
        <script src="js/script.js"></script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <header>
            <h2>Pure HTML5 file upload</h2>
            <a href="http://www.script-tutorials.com/pure-html5-file-upload/" class="stuts">Back to original tutorial on <span>Script Tutorials</span></a>
        </header>
        <div class="container">
            <div class="contr"><h2>You can select the file (image) and click Upload button</h2></div>

            <div class="upload_form_cont">
                <form id="upload_form" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post" action="upload.php">
                    <div>
                        <div><label for="image_file">Please select image file</label></div>
                        <div><input type="file" name="image_file" id="image_file" onchange="fileSelected();" /></div>
                    </div>
                    <div>
                        <input type="button" value="Upload" onclick="startUploading()" />
                    </div>
                    <div id="fileinfo">
                        <div id="filename"></div>
                        <div id="filesize"></div>
                        <div id="filetype"></div>
                        <div id="filedim"></div>
                    </div>
                    <div id="error">You should select valid image files only!</div>
                    <div id="error2">An error occurred while uploading the file</div>
                    <div id="abort">The upload has been canceled by the user or the browser dropped the connection</div>
                    <div id="warnsize">Your file is very big. We can't accept it. Please select more small file</div>

                    <div id="progress_info">
                        <div id="progress"></div>
                        <div id="progress_percent"> </div>
                        <div class="clear_both"></div>
                        <div>
                            <div id="speed"> </div>
                            <div id="remaining"> </div>
                            <div id="b_transfered"> </div>
                            <div class="clear_both"></div>
                        </div>
                        <div id="upload_response"></div>
                    </div>
                </form>

                <img id="preview" />
            </div>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

Step 2. CSS

css/main.css

I have selected all necessary styles for our html5 upload form:

css/main.css
.upload_form_cont {
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #ffffff), color-stop(100%, #f2f2f2));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#f2f2f2');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#f2f2f2')";
    background: linear-gradient(#ffffff, #f2f2f2);

    color:#000;
    overflow:hidden;
}
#upload_form {
    float:left;
    padding:20px;
    width:700px;
}
#preview {
    background-color:#fff;
    display:block;
    float:right;
    width:200px;
}
#upload_form > div {
    margin-bottom:10px;
}
#speed,#remaining {
    float:left;
    width:100px;
}
#b_transfered {
    float:right;
    text-align:right;
}
.clear_both {
    clear:both;
}
input {
    border-radius:10px;
    -moz-border-radius:10px;
    -ms-border-radius:10px;
    -o-border-radius:10px;
    -webkit-border-radius:10px;

    border:1px solid #ccc;
    font-size:14pt;
    padding:5px 10px;
}
input[type=button] {
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #ffffff), color-stop(100%, #dfdfdf));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#dfdfdf');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#ffffff', endColorstr='#dfdfdf')";
    background: linear-gradient(#ffffff, #dfdfdf);
}
#image_file {
    width:400px;
}
#progress_info {
    font-size:10pt;
}
#fileinfo,#error,#error2,#abort,#warnsize {
    color:#aaa;
    display:none;
    font-size:10pt;
    font-style:italic;
    margin-top:10px;
}
#progress {
    border:1px solid #ccc;
    display:none;
    float:left;
    height:14px;

    border-radius:10px;
    -moz-border-radius:10px;
    -ms-border-radius:10px;
    -o-border-radius:10px;
    -webkit-border-radius:10px;

    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #66cc00), color-stop(100%, #4b9500));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#66cc00', endColorstr='#4b9500');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#66cc00', endColorstr='#4b9500')";
    background: linear-gradient(#66cc00, #4b9500);
}
#progress_percent {
    float:right;
}
#upload_response {
    margin-top: 10px;
    padding: 20px;
    overflow: hidden;
    display: none;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;

    border-radius:10px;
    -moz-border-radius:10px;
    -ms-border-radius:10px;
    -o-border-radius:10px;
    -webkit-border-radius:10px;

    box-shadow: 0 0 5px #ccc;
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%, #bbb), color-stop(100%, #eee));
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
    filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#bbb', endColorstr='#eee');
    -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr='#bbb', endColorstr='#eee')";
    background: linear-gradient(#bbb, #eee);
}

Step 3. HTML5 JS

js/script.js
// common variables
var iBytesUploaded = 0;
var iBytesTotal = 0;
var iPreviousBytesLoaded = 0;
var iMaxFilesize = 1048576; // 1MB
var oTimer = 0;
var sResultFileSize = '';

function secondsToTime(secs) { // we will use this function to convert seconds in normal time format
    var hr = Math.floor(secs / 3600);
    var min = Math.floor((secs - (hr * 3600))/60);
    var sec = Math.floor(secs - (hr * 3600) -  (min * 60));

    if (hr < 10) {hr = "0" + hr; }
    if (min < 10) {min = "0" + min;}
    if (sec < 10) {sec = "0" + sec;}
    if (hr) {hr = "00";}
    return hr + ':' + min + ':' + sec;
};

function bytesToSize(bytes) {
    var sizes = ['Bytes', 'KB', 'MB'];
    if (bytes == 0) return 'n/a';
    var i = parseInt(Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(1024)));
    return (bytes / Math.pow(1024, i)).toFixed(1) + ' ' + sizes[i];
};

function fileSelected() {

    // hide different warnings
    document.getElementById('upload_response').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error2').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('abort').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('warnsize').style.display = 'none';

    // get selected file element
    var oFile = document.getElementById('image_file').files[0];

    // filter for image files
    var rFilter = /^(image\/bmp|image\/gif|image\/jpeg|image\/png|image\/tiff)$/i;
    if (! rFilter.test(oFile.type)) {
        document.getElementById('error').style.display = 'block';
        return;
    }

    // little test for filesize
    if (oFile.size > iMaxFilesize) {
        document.getElementById('warnsize').style.display = 'block';
        return;
    }

    // get preview element
    var oImage = document.getElementById('preview');

    // prepare HTML5 FileReader
    var oReader = new FileReader();
        oReader.onload = function(e){

        // e.target.result contains the DataURL which we will use as a source of the image
        oImage.src = e.target.result;

        oImage.onload = function () { // binding onload event

            // we are going to display some custom image information here
            sResultFileSize = bytesToSize(oFile.size);
            document.getElementById('fileinfo').style.display = 'block';
            document.getElementById('filename').innerHTML = 'Name: ' + oFile.name;
            document.getElementById('filesize').innerHTML = 'Size: ' + sResultFileSize;
            document.getElementById('filetype').innerHTML = 'Type: ' + oFile.type;
            document.getElementById('filedim').innerHTML = 'Dimension: ' + oImage.naturalWidth + ' x ' + oImage.naturalHeight;
        };
    };

    // read selected file as DataURL
    oReader.readAsDataURL(oFile);
}

function startUploading() {
    // cleanup all temp states
    iPreviousBytesLoaded = 0;
    document.getElementById('upload_response').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('error2').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('abort').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('warnsize').style.display = 'none';
    document.getElementById('progress_percent').innerHTML = '';
    var oProgress = document.getElementById('progress');
    oProgress.style.display = 'block';
    oProgress.style.width = '0px';

    // get form data for POSTing
    //var vFD = document.getElementById('upload_form').getFormData(); // for FF3
    var vFD = new FormData(document.getElementById('upload_form')); 

    // create XMLHttpRequest object, adding few event listeners, and POSTing our data
    var oXHR = new XMLHttpRequest();
    oXHR.upload.addEventListener('progress', uploadProgress, false);
    oXHR.addEventListener('load', uploadFinish, false);
    oXHR.addEventListener('error', uploadError, false);
    oXHR.addEventListener('abort', uploadAbort, false);
    oXHR.open('POST', 'upload.php');
    oXHR.send(vFD);

    // set inner timer
    oTimer = setInterval(doInnerUpdates, 300);
}

function doInnerUpdates() { // we will use this function to display upload speed
    var iCB = iBytesUploaded;
    var iDiff = iCB - iPreviousBytesLoaded;

    // if nothing new loaded - exit
    if (iDiff == 0)
        return;

    iPreviousBytesLoaded = iCB;
    iDiff = iDiff * 2;
    var iBytesRem = iBytesTotal - iPreviousBytesLoaded;
    var secondsRemaining = iBytesRem / iDiff;

    // update speed info
    var iSpeed = iDiff.toString() + 'B/s';
    if (iDiff > 1024 * 1024) {
        iSpeed = (Math.round(iDiff * 100/(1024*1024))/100).toString() + 'MB/s';
    } else if (iDiff > 1024) {
        iSpeed =  (Math.round(iDiff * 100/1024)/100).toString() + 'KB/s';
    }

    document.getElementById('speed').innerHTML = iSpeed;
    document.getElementById('remaining').innerHTML = '| ' + secondsToTime(secondsRemaining);
}

function uploadProgress(e) { // upload process in progress
    if (e.lengthComputable) {
        iBytesUploaded = e.loaded;
        iBytesTotal = e.total;
        var iPercentComplete = Math.round(e.loaded * 100 / e.total);
        var iBytesTransfered = bytesToSize(iBytesUploaded);

        document.getElementById('progress_percent').innerHTML = iPercentComplete.toString() + '%';
        document.getElementById('progress').style.width = (iPercentComplete * 4).toString() + 'px';
        document.getElementById('b_transfered').innerHTML = iBytesTransfered;
        if (iPercentComplete == 100) {
            var oUploadResponse = document.getElementById('upload_response');
            oUploadResponse.innerHTML = '<h1>Please wait...processing</h1>';
            oUploadResponse.style.display = 'block';
        }
    } else {
        document.getElementById('progress').innerHTML = 'unable to compute';
    }
}

function uploadFinish(e) { // upload successfully finished
    var oUploadResponse = document.getElementById('upload_response');
    oUploadResponse.innerHTML = e.target.responseText;
    oUploadResponse.style.display = 'block';

    document.getElementById('progress_percent').innerHTML = '100%';
    document.getElementById('progress').style.width = '400px';
    document.getElementById('filesize').innerHTML = sResultFileSize;
    document.getElementById('remaining').innerHTML = '| 00:00:00';

    clearInterval(oTimer);
}

function uploadError(e) { // upload error
    document.getElementById('error2').style.display = 'block';
    clearInterval(oTimer);
}  

function uploadAbort(e) { // upload abort
    document.getElementById('abort').style.display = 'block';
    clearInterval(oTimer);
}

Most of the code is already commented. So I will hope that you will understand all this code. Anyway – how it works: when we select file – function ‘fileSelected’ executes. We filter all unnecessary formats (allow uploading: bmp, gif, jpg, png, tif), and the in case of a huge file – we will display a warning message. Then, through FileReader::readAsDataURL we will draw a live preview of the selected file. Plus, we will display another bit of information about the image: its name, size, type, and dimensions. The process of uploading is a little complicated. But generally, we have to prepare an XMLHttpRequest object, and add event listeners to the next events: progress, load, error and abort. And after – post form data (I have used FormData class) to our ‘upload.php’ receiver.

Step 4. PHP

upload.php
<?php

function bytesToSize1024($bytes, $precision = 2) {
    $unit = array('B','KB','MB');
    return @round($bytes / pow(1024, ($i = floor(log($bytes, 1024)))), $precision).' '.$unit[$i];
}

$sFileName = $_FILES['image_file']['name'];
$sFileType = $_FILES['image_file']['type'];
$sFileSize = bytesToSize1024($_FILES['image_file']['size'], 1);

echo <<<EOF
<p>Your file: {$sFileName} has been successfully received.</p>
<p>Type: {$sFileType}</p>
<p>Size: {$sFileSize}</p>
EOF;

As you can see – I’m not uploading file. Instead, I ‘echo’ back all info about accepted file. This information will appear in our <div id="upload_response"></div> element.

Live Demo

download in package

Conclusion

I hope you return to read new awesome and unique articles about HTML5. Good luck!

 

Source: http://www.script-tutorials.com/pure-html5-file-upload/

Published at DZone with permission of Andrey Prikaznov, author and DZone MVB.

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)

Comments

Robert Craft replied on Thu, 2012/01/26 - 6:12am

when i run the demo in ie9. im getting the following error . SCRIPT5009: ‘FormData’ is undefined script.js, line 94 character 5 var vFD = new FormData(document.getElementById(‘upload_form’)); the upload gets stuck.

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